Struggling Readers

Struggling Readers - Look here for tips to help struggling readers. 

                                        parent and child reading

Fluency - Fluency is very important. Fluency is being able to read a text without struggling to sound out words. If children struggle to sound out every word, they may not remember what has been read by the time they get to the period. They are using so much of their cognitive (brain) energy to sound out everything and make it into a word that there is nothing left for comprehension. Comprehension is the real goal of reading.
Suggestions:
  •  work on fluency, parents should choose a book on the child's reading level. A book that repeats itself a lot or has predictive text like Are You My Mother? helps students recognize words because they see them often in the book.
  • Another way to work on fluency is to repeat readings. Choose a book that is not very lengthy and have your child read it three times. By the third reading, most of the book should be fairly fluent.
  • Read to your children and model fluent reading with expression.
Comprehension - Comprehension, as mentioned before, is the real goal of reading. Everyone must understand what they are reading or there is no real purpose in it. Suggestions:
  • >Before reading, have your child look at the book's pictures, title, and other things to predict what they think might happen in the book. Then as they read, ask them if what they are reading matches their prediction. It's okay not to match. While students are reading, stop periodically and ask, what do you think will happen next? Then ask, were you right?
  • >When students are reading, stop every couple of pages and ask them questions about the book. You can ask questions about the character. Do you like the character? Why or why not? Is he/she like you in any way? Ask questions about the problem in the story. What is the problem? How do you think they are going to fix it? What would you do to fix it? Why do you think he/she did that? Ask questions about the setting, where and when the story takes place. What is the setting? Has the setting changed since the beginning of the book? Why do you think it changed? Why is the setting important to the story?
Not interested - Some students don't think they like to read or are not interested in reading. Often it's not that children are uninterested in reading, it's just that it is either overwhelming to them or he/she hasn't found something that interests him/her.: 
  • If a child is overwhelmed by reading and he/she is or should be reading chapter books, help him/her find chapter books with short chapters, like The Magic Tree House books. Most children can read a chapter in 5-10 minutes. Start by having your child read a chapter, then build up to 3 chapters or more.
  • >Help your child find a book that really holds his/her attention. There are books on almost every level from every genre. There are mystery books for girls and boys. There are biographies of some very interesting people like Elvis or the Beatles. There are great nonfiction books on everything from rocks, snakes, mountains, animals, dinosaurs, science, and jobs. There are fantasy books and books on historical fiction. Persistence is very important. Don't let them give up.